Exploring the Emergence of Community Support for School and Encouragement of Innovation for Improving Rural School Performance: Lessons Learned at Kitamburo in Tanzania
Keywords:School-community connectedness, Tanzania, mathematics, learning communities, sequential sampling.
This article describes a qualitative exploration of a primary school in a remote rural community of Tanzania, whose students showed promising performance in mathematics, as measured by the Primary School Leaving Examinations (PSLE). Case study methods were used to conduct research about the school and community in order to understand the dynamics that shape the school and village as community and communities. Interviews, focus groups, and observations were conducted. The paper identifies the role of village leadership in generating a learning community (Warren, 2005), that initiated community support of the school, which in turn prompted teachersΓÇÖ innovations for developing in their work as professionals, that improved teaching and learning practices in mathematics and contributed to the noted promising performance on the PSLE. The article concludes that although school principals and teachers are regarded as keys in generating professional learning communities (DuFour, DuFour, & Eaker, 2008; Fullan, Hill &Cr├⌐vola, 2006 ), under good community leadership communities may be essential catalysts in establishing and sustaining professional learning communities and contribute to school improvement.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).