Global Trends in Early Childhood Practice: Working within the Limitations of The Global Education Reform Movement

Elena Nitecki, Helge Wasmuth


Introduction to Global Education Review: Global Trends in Early Childhood Practice:  Working within the Limitations of  The Global Education Reform Movement.

The Global Education Reform Movement, also known as GERM, is rooted in economic theory and neoliberal thinking. The trends associated with GERM – such as the standardization of teaching and learning, over-emphasis of core subjects of mathematics and literacy, test-based high-stakes accountability and testing, prescribed curriculum, privatization, parental choice, and increased control over students and teachers – have infiltrated the everyday practice of teachers and practitioners in the field and remain a deep cause for concern.


education; early childhood education; global education reform movement; germ

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ISSN: 2325-663X