All for One and One for All

Recasting Alexandre Dumas as a Popular Educator in France during the New Imperialism

  • Eric Martone Mercy College
Keywords: Alexandre Dumas, History of education, France, French education policy, National Identity


By separating Alexandre Dumas's works from the more elite “world of letters” and reclassifying them as unsophisticated and suitable to the more rudimentary educational needs of the common working classes and adolescents for French nation-building purposes during the French Third Republic, intellectuals, policymakers, and of reformers of education found a way to simultaneously critique Dumas’s “Africanness” indirectly while praising his Frenchness openly.

Author Biography

Eric Martone, Mercy College

Eric Martone, Ph.D., is associate professor of history/social studies education and interim dean of the School of Education at Mercy College in New York. He completed his doctorate in history at Stony Brook University. His books include the IPPY award-winning Finding Monte Cristo: Alexandre Dumas and the French Atlantic World (2018), The Black Musketeer: Reevaluating Alexandre Dumas within the Francophone World (2011), and the forthcoming Alexandre Dumas as a French Symbol since 1870: All for One and One for All in a Global France.